As well as the development of other regions in Indonesia, Malang had begun to grow and to develop since the Colonial Government came to Indonesia. Public facilities are planned well to require the colonial?s family. This discriminative impression still exists until now. For example, only colonial of Holland and European are able to enjoy around The Ijen Boulevard Area, while the local resident (pribumi ? in Bahasa) must have been satisfied to live in the sub urban area with inadequate facility. That housing area seems to keep a mystery until now which invites the Colonials who have ever been lived there for memorable rendezvous.
Train transportation system had begun to develop on 1879 and Malang did grow rapidly since that time. Several of social needs was increased especially the needs of space for doing activities. Consequently, there was a land use changing, built up area has grown sporadically. Land use changing was going to be fast, such as farming zone has been changed its use to housing and industry.
At the same time, urbanization is going on and on. The housing needs have been increasing out of the government capacity while the urban people have limited economic capacity. Furthermore, there were slums and squatters area which usually grew up around the commercial zone, trough the green belt, around the river side, above the rail, and any of illegal ? disowned land.
For few years, those areas have changed and developed as the urban villages and become environmentally degrading with all of the derivate impacts. This phenomenon is inclined to increase and it is difficult to imagine what would be happened if this problem is ignored.
Historical Overview of Government :
- Malang was a Kingdom which centrally lived at Dinoyo, with Gajayana as the king
- Holland Colonial came to city on 1767
- The colonial centrally located around Kali Brantas on 1821
- Malang has a Resident Assistant on 1824
- Housing development was took placed on 1882 in the west side of city, and Alun-alun of the city was built and planned
- Malang was stated as Kota Praja on April 1, 1914
- Malang was hold by Japan on March 8, 1942
- Malang was regionally united to Republic of Indonesia on September 21, 1945
- Malang was hold by Holland on July 22, 1947
- Republic of Indonesia take on Malang again on March 2, 1947
- Malang is autonomously being the local city government of Malang on January 1, 2001
Titles Hold on Malang
1. Paris of Java
Malang has the beautiful nature with its cool ? fresh air and clean city as the ?PARIS? of East Java
2. Traveling City
Malang is the place for travelling around and spending holidays as this city has a nice and beautiful nature, clean, cool air and quite environment, also has adequate tourism facilities.
3. Rest and Relax City
Peach atmosphere of the city is need to have some rest especially for people out of Malang ? as a tourist or just visiting their families.
4. City of Education
Malang, whose condition is quite environmentally with friendly local people, cheap living cost and adequate educational facility, is an interesting place for studying.
5. Military City
Local government has built places of military training, barracks and military messes around Lapangan Rampai after Malang was chosen as Warrior City. When Malang was hold by Japan, ?Sundeng? Airport has been built on today?s Perumnas Housing.
6. Historical City
Malang is the city which keeps on the mystery of the embryo of big kingdoms like Singosari, Kediri, Mojopahit, Demak and Mataram. The history of the beginning of the Indonesian freedom is noted in Malang and this city also nominated as the candidate for the national capital of Indonesia.
7. Flower City
Glowing up the flowers in every side of the city and in every span of people?s land is the dream of every local people in Malang.
Population and Sociology
Number of Population
The Width of Malang City is about 110.06 Km2. The population is about 782.110 persons until the end of June 2005. The density is about 7106 persons/Km2. The population is spread on five sub districts (Klojen = 125.824 persons, Blimbing = 167.301 persons, Kedungkandang = 152.285 persons, Sukun = 174.184 persons, dan Lowokwaru = 162.516 persons), and 57 urban villages, 10 villages, 505 community group (RW ? in Bahasa) and 3.649 Neighborhood Unit (RT ? in Bahsa).
Local ethnic of Malang is known as religious people, dynamic, hard worker, honest and very proud of their identity as people of Malang. The population composition of local ? original people are coming from various ethnics (especially Javanese, Madura people, little number of Arabian and Chinese).
Almost of people in Malang are Moslem, followed by Christian, Catholic, Hindu and Buddhist. They are always living together tolerantly although they have different beliefs in order to support the development of Malang. There are many historical religious building in Malang such as Masjid Jami (Masjid Agung), Churchs (Alun-Alun, Kayutangan and Ijen) and Chinese Building (Klenteng ? in Bahasa) in old town. Malang is also being the center of religion education with many of Islamic Boarding Schools ? Pesanteren, and Bible Seminary which is famous in Indonesia.
Art and Culture
Ethnical and cultural assets of Malang have influenced the existing traditional art. One of the famous traditional dances is Tari Topeng, although now this is exterminated by the modern art. This style of art is the combination of West Java (Solo, Yogya) and Southside of East Java (Ponorogo, Tulungagung, Blitar) also Blambangan (Pasuruan, Probolinggo, Situbondo, Banyuwangi). For furthermore information about areas around Malang, please visit: Areas Around Malang City.
Javanese with East Java accent and Maduranese are the daily language of people in Malang. In the young generation are usually use Malang accent called ?Boso Walikan?. This is saying words in inversion pronunciation, for instance: Malang is said Ngalam. Speaking style in Malang is known without any customs ? straight to the point and sometimes sounds impolite like East Javanese style in generally. This is the people?s expression in Malang which been honest without any customs.
New Comer / Urban People
Most of the new comers/urban people coming to Malang are merchants, workers and students who do not live permanently in Malang and will go back to their hometown after certain years. Most of them ? merchants and workers ? are coming from some areas around Malang, while students are coming from other regions outside of Malang especially from Eastside of Indonesia such as Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Timor Leste, Irian Jaya, Maluku, Celebes ? Sulawesi and Borneo ? Kalimantan.
City Hall and City Square
There is an old building from the colonial era at Jalan Tugu. The building name is Tugu. This Tugu Monument was built in ex JP Coen’s Park which is circled by a pond with being grown by water Lily and Big-old Trembesi Trees around it..
Traditional Market of Birds and Flowers
|In Jalan brawijaya, many people sell various kinds of birds and flowers of Malang and Indonesia. In this place also there are many newsstands which sell many second books especially for classic books collector.|
|Behind Jl. Rumah sakit is an entertainment center for kids and adult people. This place is completed with a play ground and a swimming pool. There are Tari Jaran Show and Band on every sunday. This is also used as place for dancing, sport like pencak silat and karate. This place is 500 km from the city square.|
City Square Park
The City square is a beautiful park circled by old buildings like Masjid Jami, Chatolic Churh and few shopping centers.
Krida Budaya Park
Krida Budaya park is at Jalan Soekarno hatta where usually hold many art and culture activity also tourism of Malang City and West Java.
Center of Ceramic Industry
Center of Ceramic industry which located in MT Haryono and Mayjend Panjaitan. This is a special place with special product of ceramics from Malang. The visitors can show the process of the ceramics creating on the factory.
Tlogomas park is a recreation place which is completed with swimming pool and play ground area. This place is 7 km from the city square.
Ijen Boulevard and Brawijaya Museum
Jalan ijen is greenbelt area beautified by Bougainville flowers and Palm Trees. The background is housing with Holland-Colonial Architecture. Brawijaya Museum is military museum which keeps the traditional and modern guns ever been used in the independence fighting era.
In arjosari, there is a place for making and selling rattan handicraft of Malang City. This place is 5 km from the city square.
Tourism Market of Tugu
Tourism Market in Tugu Monument can be visit every Saturday evening and monday from 5 am to 10 pm at outside of Gajayana Stadium. In this place is sold various kinds of handicrafts, accessories, and souvenir for instance: household equipment, traditional food, local excellent product.
Recreation Park of Community
City Park usually said Taman rekreasi kota (Tareko) by people in Malang located in the center of malang City in Jalan Simpang Majapahit, behind the city hall exactly. This park was built in the year of 2002 as a response to the social needs of people in Malang about adequate and affordable leisure facility or kids play ground area in the central of the city.
Recreation City park of Malang City has facilities, as follows:Children’s play ground area
Km (dari kota Malang)
|2||Bendungan Karangkates||Sumber Pucung||35|
|18||Pantai Lenggoksono||Sumber Manjungwi||69|
|21||Pantai Sendang Biru||Donomulyo||70|
|22||Pantai Sipilot||Tumpel Gading||70|
|24||Pemandian Dewi Seri||Pujon||35|
|30||Rest Area Jeru||-||21|
|31||Sanggar Seni "AS. Bangun"||-||16|
|32||Sanggar Seni "M. Dharma"||-||22|
|34||Sumber Air Panas Canggar||Batu||35|
A very relaxing place having a clear water pool. Funny and friendly monkeys will sit on your shoulder to steal your peanuts you are carrying. On Lebaran Kupatan Day, Wendit is noted for the traditional art performances lasting for 12 days. A number of visitors can be found jumping into the pool to get mystical power. 10 km N.E. of Malang reachable from Blimbing.
Being united with the nature has long become a new trend in tourism. There are many package tours carried out to take tourists to play with the waves by surfing in the sea with huge waves, or to sail the fast current of the rivers. The same thing happens if one day we explore the mountain, and cross dense forest for a few days.
Surabaya Hotel School and Vanda Garden Villa Estate pioneer to have a tour package to explore the mountains. This package tour is similar to the exploration by mountain climbers who are tracing winding paths to the top of the mountain. At present they have this new kind of package tour to Mount Welirang, which is situated in the borders of Mojokerto regency, Trawas and Malang regency. This package tour is also intended to trace the narrow path leading to Embul Tuk cave in Blitar regency and Karangkates dam which is located in Malang regency.
The package tour takes two-days. During the tour you should not expect to spend the night in a luxurious hotel on the forested mountain slopes. On the first day the tourist taking the tour can enjoy staying in a luxurious hotel in Trawas before starting the mountain exploration early the following day. The tour starts very early in the morning. The tourists walk through the pine forest, following the narrow and winding paths with their many branches.
A guide shows the way so that the tourists do not get lost. A team of foregoers are in charge of opening the way, making sure that the paths are safe. If somebody is left behind, there is another team who follows the tourists group of behind. This team is in charge of seeing that no one is left behind, and providing any assistance to the tourists in need. In this way the tourists group are not hindered from continuing their tour.
When the night comes, the guide and the foregoers erect some tents in the opening of the forest. This may remind the tourists, who used to be boy scouts or girl scouts, of their past experience during their scouthood, when they were camping and gathered merrily around a bonfire. Similarly, the guide and the foregoers make a bonfire, and with some games they entertain the tourists in very friendly atmosphere.
The tour starts again the following morning in the early dawn, heading for the unique Umbul tuk cave in Blitar regency. It takes a few hours on foot to get there. Before midday the group get to the cave, and then continue the tour to Karangkates dam in a specially provided vehicle.
This package tour is still being tried out to be offered to younger executives, and they seem to like it very much. In general, they are strong enough to make some adventurous exploration in wild areas. If they are getting bored with luxurious entertainment in hotels in the evenings, and if they want to have exquisite panorama of the landscape but they don't have the nerves of surfing or sailing the fast current of the river, the tour being united with the nature is another execellent alternative for them to enjoy nature and to get refreshed.
This package tour is not so suitable for older tourists, because not only do they have to walk to climb up the mountain and to climb down to the valley, but they also have to spend the night in the tent in the open air, which might deteriorate their health. Therefore, another alternative of package tour can be designed for them.
At present, Trawas is well-known as a rest resort that is still developing. New villas or bungalows emerge either on the slopes or on the tops of the hills in the region.
atirejo Village, Prigen, East java
Officially opened on Dec 29, 1997
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From within the car, you can see closely the life of hundreds of kinds of animals from the five continents released in a free wildlife just like any other natural habitat.
It shall be a unique and unforgettable experience for you and your family.
A new family recreational park located at the foot of Arjuno Mountain, 800 - 1500 m above the sea level and equipped with fun park facilities such as bom-bom boat, the first in Indonesia, roal coaster, carousel, etc.